Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U)
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U), a flagship Mission of Government of India being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), was launched on 25th June 2015. The Mission addresses urban housing shortage among the EWS/LIG and MIG categories including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to all eligible urban households by the year 2022, when Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. PMAY(U) adopts a demand driven approach wherein the Housing shortage is decided based on demand assessment by States/Union Territories. State Level Nodal Agencies (SLNAs), Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)/ Implementing Agencies (IAs), Central Nodal Agencies (CNAs) and Primary Lending Institutions (PLIs) are main stakeholders who play an important role in implementation and success of PMAY(U).
The Mission covers the entire urban area consisting of Statutory Towns, Notified Planning Areas, Development Authorities, Special Area Development Authorities, Industrial Development Authorities or any such authority under State legislation which is entrusted with the functions of urban planning & regulations. All houses under PMAY(U) have basic amenities like toilet, water supply, electricity and kitchen. The Mission promotes women empowerment by providing the ownership of houses in name of female member or in joint name. Preference is also given to differently abled persons, senior citizens, SCs, STs, OBCs, Minority, single women, transgender and other weaker & vulnerable sections of the society. A PMAY(U) house ensures dignified living along with sense of security and pride of ownership to the beneficiaries.
PMAY(U) adopts a cafeteria approach to suit the needs of individuals based on the geographical conditions, topography, economic conditions, availability of land, infrastructure etc. The scheme has hence been divided into four verticals as given below:
Housing For All Plan of Action (HFAPoA)Housing For All Plan of Action is demand of housing by eligible beneficiaries in the city along with the interventions selected out of four verticals of the guidelines.
These verticals are:
- In situ" Slum Redevelopment (ISSR)
- Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS)
- Affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP)
- Beneficiary-led individual house construction or enhancement (BLC)
Verticals of PMAY-U
LHPs are model housing projects with houses built with shortlisted alternate technology suitable to the geo-climatic and hazard conditions of the region. This will demonstrate and deliver ready to live houses with speed, economy and with better quality of construction in a sustainable manner.
The period of construction is maximum 12 months from the date of handing over of sites to the construction agency after all statutory approvals. Approvals will be accorded through a fast track process by the concerned State Government.
These LHPs shall serve as LIVE Laboratories for different aspects of Transfer of technologies to field application, such as planning, design, production of components, construction practices and testing. etc. for both faculty and students, Builders, Professionals of Private and Public sectors and other stakeholders involved in such construction.
Six Technology providers have been selected through rigorous online bidding process for construction of Light House Projects (LHPs) at six different locations in six states.
|LHP LOCATION||TECHNOLOGY SELECTED||NUMBER OF HOUSES TO BE CONSTRUCTED|
|Ranchi, Jharkhand||Precast Concrete Construction System – 3D Volumetric||1008|
|Rajkot, Gujarat||Monolithic Concrete Construction using Tunnel Formwork||1144|
|Chennai, Tamil Nadu||Precast Concrete Construction System – Precast Components Assembled at Site||1152|
|Indore, Madhya Pradesh||Prefabricated Sandwich Panel System||1024|
|Agartala, Tripura||Light Gauge Steel Structural System & Pre-engineered Steel Structural System||1000|
|Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh||PVC Stay In Place Formwork System||1040|
LIGHT HOUSE PROJECT - RANCHI, JHARKHAND
TECHNOLOGY: Precast Concrete Construction System – 3D Volumetric
An already established System for building construction in Europe, Singapore, Japan & Australia, this 3D Volumetric concrete construction is the modern method of building by which solid precast concrete structural modules like room, toilet, kitchen, bathroom, stairs etc. & any combination of these are cast monolithically in Plant or Casting yard in a controlled condition. These Modules are transported, erected & installed using cranes and push-pull jacks and are integrated together in the form of complete building unit. Subject to the hoisting capacity, building of any height can be constructed using the technology.
Sequential construction in the project here begins with keeping the designed foundation of the building ready, while manufacturing of precast concrete structural modules are taking place at the factory. Factory finished building units/modules are then installed at the site with the help of tower cranes. Gable end walls are positioned to terminate the sides of building. Pre stressed slabs are then installed as flooring elements. Rebar mesh is finally placed for structural screed thereby connecting all the elements together. Consecutive floors are built in similar manner to complete the structure.
- About 90% of the building work including finishing is complete in plant/casting yard leading to significant reduction in construction & occupancy time.
- The controlled factory environment brings resource optimization, improved quality, precision & finish.
- The required concrete can be designed using industrial by-products such as Fly Ash, Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), Micro silica etc. resulting in improved workability & durability, while also conserving natural resources. In this project Ground granulated blast furnace slag & silica fume is being used in concrete
- With smooth surface it eliminates use of plaster.
- The monolithic casting of walls & floor of a building module reduces the chances of leakage.
- The system has minimal material wastage (saving in material cost), helps in keeping neat & clean construction site and dust free environment.
- Use of Optimum quantity of water through recycling.
- Use of shuttering & scaffolding materials is minimal.
- All weather construction & better site organization.
|1.||Brochure of Light House Project, Ranchi||View/Download|
|2.||Technology Details of LHP - Precast Concrete Construction System-3D Volumetric – sample||View/Download|
|3||Social Audit Guidelines||View|
|4||HFA Mission Guideline 2018||View|
|5||Capacity Building Activities||View|